What Is A Heel Spur?
Heel spur is a generic term for a condition associated with scarring and inflammation of the tendon attaching the foot muscles to the heel bone.
What is Plantar Fasciitis?
The medical terminology for heel spurs is plantar fasciitis. The classic plantar fasciitis symptom is a sharp pain in the heel of your foot upon first stepping out of bed in the morning. The pain may resolve after a few minutes. The pain may reappear as you walk or if you stand for long periods of time.
How is a heel spur created?
A heel spur is usually associated with an injury to the area where the foot attaches to the heel bone. This injury may be due to an acute event or to chronic repetitive motion. Rather than healing properly, the tissues develop scar tissue and associated inflammation.
What else could it be?
Your pain could be a result of an inflammation of the tibial nerve. This condition is called tarsal tunnel syndrome. The pain comes from the entrapment and/or the stretching of the tibial nerve as it passes along the base of the foot.
What causes the heel pain?
Heel pain is usually caused by one of two things, tarsel tunnel syndrome or more commonly plantar fasciitis. Ironically, the pain from plantar fasciitis is usually a result of your body's own healing process. The ligaments on the base of the foot are damaged and as you sleep your body begins to heal itself. Part of the heeling process involves the creation of scar tissue in the affected area.
When you sleep, your feet are un-weighted, the scar tissue that forms is shorter than than when you are standing. When you stand up, the pressure on the arch of your foot stretches the ligament and you re-injure the area. This tearing of the scar tissue is what causes the pain.
The pain you experience could also be the result of tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Sever's disease is a condition that is often found in children and teens between the ages of 8 and 16. It is most often a result of overuse in which the growth plate of the heel becomes slightly displaced causing pain.
Who gets heel spurs?
Heel spurs can affect anyone. It's most commonly found in middle age. A heel spur often comes after weight gain, but there are other possibilities too. One suspected cause is abnormal flatness of the arches of the feet. High arches can also create a situation for heel spurs to form.